Wednesday, December 30, 2015

The Banded Royal or Rachana jalindra burbona

The Banded Royal or Rachana jalindra burbona (Hewitson 1878)

Founded In: Paruthumpara, Idukki Dist, Kerala, India. | Date: 24/12/2015
Camera Nikon D800e / Lens Nikon 105 mm f 2.8G 

The Banded Royal, Rachana jalindra is a species of lycaenid or blue butterfly found in Asia
The male of the Banded Royal is a deep shining blue with comparatively narrow black distal borders, with a visual brand of differently coloured and more densely packed scales at the forewing cells end. The female is brown above with black eyespots at the tornal area. The underside is white, with a broad purple brown distal border, of which in the inner half is more deeply coloured. The species possess two pairs of dissimilar tails, one at vein 1b, which is ciliate throughout, and the other at vein two which is white-tipped. 

Tuesday, December 29, 2015

Blue Mormon or Papilio Polymnestor

Blue Mormon or Papilio Polymnestor

Founded In: Ponkunnam, Kottayam Dist, Kerala, India. | Date: 20/12/2015
Camera Nikon D800e / Lens Nikon 105 mm f 2.8G 

Blue Mormon or Papilio Polymnestor

Founded In: Vazhachal, Thrissur Dist, India. | Date: 20/12/2015
Camera Nikon D800e / Lens Nikon 105 mm f 2.8G 

The blue Mormon (Papilio polymnestor) is a large swallowtail butterfly found in South India and Sri Lanka. It has a status of ‘State butterfly’ in the Indian state of Maharashtra. Males have the upper wings rich velvety black. The fore wing has a postdiscal band composed of internervular broad blue streaks gradually shortened and obsolescent anteriorly, not extended beyond interspace 6. 

The hindwing has the terminal three-fourths beyond a line crossing the apical third of the cell pale blue, or greyish blue, with superposed postdiscal, subterminal and terminal series of black spots—the postdiscal spots elongate, inwardly conical; the subterminal oval, placed in the interspaces, the terminal irregular, placed along the apices of the veins and anteriorly coalescing more or less with the subterminal spots.

The underside is black with and on the base of the cell in the fore wing is an elongate spot of dark red; the postdiscal transverse series of streaks as on the upperside but grey tinged with ochraceous and extended right up to the costa; in some specimens similar but narrow streaks also in the cell. Hind wing with five irregular small patches of red at base, the outer three-fourths of the wing grey touched with ochraceous, but generally narrower than the blue on the upperside; the inner margin of the grey area crosses the wing beyond the cell; the post-discal and subterminal black spots as on the upperside. In some specimens this grey area is greatly restricted, its inner margin crossing the wing well beyond the apex of the cell; the subterminal spots merged completely with the terminal spots and form a comparatively broad terminal black band. Antennae, head, thorax and abdomen blackish brown. Female very similar but the inter-nervular streaks on the fore wing paler, extended into the cell both on the upper and undersides. Hind wing: the pale blue area on the upperside and the corresponding grey area on the underside paler. In some specimens there is a diffuse short crimson streak at the base of the cell of the fore wing on the upperside.

Endemic to India and Sri Lanka. In India it is restricted to the Western Ghats, Southern India and the East coast. It has been recorded as far north as Gujarat. It is often seen even in the gardens and sometimes in the middle of busy traffic in large cities such as Mumbai, Pune and Bangalore. Wynter-Blyth recorded it in Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand, West Bengal and Sikkim.

The butterfly is most common in heavy rainfall areas, such as evergreen forests. Also common in deciduous forests and wooded urban areas, primarily due to the cultivation of its host plants, i.e. the Citrus species. wiki/Papilio_polymnestor

Monday, December 28, 2015

Paris Peacock Butterfly or Papilio Paris

Paris Peacock Butterfly or Papilio Paris

Founded In: Paruthumpara, Idukki Dist, Kerala, India. | Date: 24/12/2015
Camera Nikon D800e / Lens Nikon 105 mm f 2.8G 

This butterfly Founded In Paruthumpara Para River Side, Name Paris Peacock (Papilio paris) is a species of swallowtail butterfly found in the Indian Subcontinent and Southeast Asia.

Upperwings are black and irrorated with dark green scales, which on the outer portion of the forewing coalesce and form an incomplete postdiscal narrow band which is straighter than the similar subterminal band on the forewing of Papilio polyctor.

On the hindwing, the irroration of dark green scales does not extend to the costal margin and is interrupted posteriorly by a broad postdiscal area, on both sides of which the green scales coalesce to form narrow diffuse bands; a conspicuous upper discal shining blue patch occupies the base of interspace 4 and outer portions of interspaces 5 and 6; this patch is variable in size, and in many specimens extends narrowly below and above the interspaces 3 and 7, respectively, its outer margin is uneven, its inner margin evenly arched; a prominent claret-red largely black-centred ocellus at the tornal angle, its inner margin with a transverse short violet-blue superposed line; in many specimens an obscure claret-red subterminal lunule in interspace 7.

Underside opaque black; bases of both fore and hind wings, up to basal half of cell in fore and up to apex of cell in hind wing, with an irroration of yellowish scales; also present more obscurely on the subterminal area in both wings. Fore wing with a very broad elongate triangular pale area that does not extend to the termen, formed of inter-nervular broad very pale ochraceous-white streaks, short near the tornus, gradually longer up to the costa. Hind wing: a prominent subterminal series of ochraceous-red lunules traversed by short violet-blue lines; in interspaces 1,2 and sometimes in 3, these lunules are formed into more or less complete largely black centred ocelli by the addition of an admarginal portion of the red ring. Cilia conspicuously white in the interspaces. Antennae, head, thorax and abdomen black, the latter three sprinkled with green scales above.
Female. Similar to the male but somewhat paler and duller. Upperside of the forewing has the green postdiscal band shorter and more incomplete than in the male. Hindwing with the upper discal patch smaller, often green and not blue, the red subterminal lunule in interspace 7 is always present and more prominent than in the male.

Underside of wings similar to that in the male, but the tornal and subtornal markings generally formed into more or less complete ocelli. Wingspan: 106–132 mm

The Himalayas from Kumaon to Sikkim, Nepal and Bhutan; the hills of Assam, Burma and Tenasserim, extending to Thailand and the Malay Peninsula. A common insect in Sikkim, where it is found from the Teraiup to 5,000 feet. It is rare in Burma and Tenasserim. It also occurs in some parts of the Western Ghats, such as the Chikmaglure b.b.hill ranges. wiki/Papilio_paris

Sunday, December 27, 2015

Tawny Rajah Butterfly or Charaxes Bernardus

Tawny Rajah Butterfly or Charaxes Bernardus 

Founded In: Paruthumpara, Idukki Dist, Kerala, India. | Date: 24/12/2015
Camera Nikon D800e / Lens Nikon 105 mm f 2.8G 

Charaxes bernardus, the tawny rajah, is a butterfly that belongs to the rajahs and nawabs group, that is, the Charaxinae group of the brush-footed butterflies family. This species can be found in India, China, Indomalaya, and onwards to Indonesia. Charaxes bernardus has a wingspan of about 7–9 centimetres (2.8–3.5 in). The upperside of wings is reddish brown or pale brown-orange, with dark brown/black speckles at the wings tips and small black marks at the margin of the hind wings. On the underside of the wings there are irregular wavy or tawny brown speckles and whitish zigzag bands. Males and females are very similar identical in their appearances. It has been recorded as a migrant in South India and is known to mud-puddle. Known food-plants of this species include: Aglaia lawii, Aglaia roxburghiana (Meliaceae), Cinnamomum camphora, Litsea glutinosa, Litsea populifolia (Lauraceae), Sapium sebiferum (Euphorbiaceae), Adenanthera pavonina, Paraserianthes falcataria Falcataria moluccana), Tamarindus indica (Leguminosae), and Acronychia penduculata (Rutaceae). text: © wiki/Charaxes_bernardus

Common Redeye Butterfly or Matapa Aria

Common Redeye Butterfly or Matapa Aria

Founded In: Paruthumpara, Idukki Dist, Kerala, India. | Date: 24/12/2015
Camera Nikon D800e / Lens Nikon 105 mm f 2.8G 

Matapa aria, commonly known as the Common Redeye, is a butterfly belonging to the family Hesperiidae. Male and female chocolate brown. Male. Upperside, pale brown ; forewing with a short impressed comma-like grey streak obliquely beneath the cell. Cilia yellowish white. Underside bright ferruginous brown. Palpi ferruginous brown. Female. Upperside dark chocolate brown without the impressed streak; cilia of hindwing pale orange yellow. Underside bright ferruginous brown. The larvae feed on Bambusa striata, Ochlandra travancorica and Ochlandra scriptoriawiki/Matapa_aria

Friday, December 25, 2015

Common Sergeant Butterfly or Athyma Perius

Common Sergeant Butterfly or Athyma Perius

Founded In: Paruthumpara, Idukki Dist, Kerala, India.
Camera Nikon D800e / Lens Nikon 105 mm f 2.8G 

Common Sergeant Butterfly or Athyma Perius - Mud Puddling

The Common Sergeant (Athyma perius) is a species of nymphalid butterfly found in South Asia and Southeast Asia. The Athyma perius male has black wings with a series of white markings, while the female is a blackish brown. The underside of the wings are ochre yellow with the white markings as on the upperside but heavily margined and defined with black. The antennae are black and there is a spot of ochre between the eyes. The thorax has a band or two of bluish spots anteriorly and posteriorly. The abdomen is transversely and narrowly barred with bluish white; beneath, the palpi, thorax and abdomen pure white. In the female, the abdomen has a double lateral row of minute black dots. Athyma perius is found throughout the Himalayas, India, Burma, Tenasserim, to Siam and the Malay Peninsulawiki/Athyma_perius

Thursday, December 24, 2015

Painted Handmaiden Moth or Euchromia Polymena

Painted Handmaiden Moth or Euchromia Polymena - Mating

Founded In: Kanjirappally, Kottayam Dist, Kerala, India.
Camera Nikon D800e / Lens Nikon 105 mm f 2.8G 

Amata cyssea moths are commonly known as Handmaiden moths that are day-flying members of the Arctiidae or Tiger moth family and Subfamily Syntominae. They mimic wasps in their body and coloration. Even for a predator who does not get deterred by wasps, the occasional bright body colors usually advertise a bad taste, so Handmaidens flourish. The genitalia are asymmetric in both sexes. In the male the tegumen has prominent lateral lobes. The valves have strong, curved, asymmetric processes from the base of the costa and are themselves asymmetric. The aedeagus vesica contains a row (or rows if it has more than one lobe) of small cornuti, some of which can become very long. In the female genitalia the ostium is set asymmetrically between the eighth and seventh tergites.

Euchromia polymena is a moth of the Arctiidae family. It was described by Linnaeus in 1758. It is found in India and south-eastern Asia, as well as on Sumatra, Java, Sulawesi, Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo and thePhilippines. It is also present in the northern part of Western Australia and the Northern Territory. Adults have black wings with three large orange patches and two small blue marks on the forewings. The eggs are shiny pale yellow spheres, and laid in groups under a leaf of a foodplant. The larvae feed on Ipomoea species. They are orange with bands of black and brown hairs. The caterpillars live in groups until the last instar which is solitary.

Wednesday, December 23, 2015

Common Indian Crow or Euploea Core

Common Indian Crow or Euploea Core

Founded In: Ponkunnam, Kottayam Dist, Kerala, India.
Camera Nikon D800e / Lens Nikon 105 mm f 2.8G 

The common crow (Euploea core) is a common butterfly found in South Asia and Australia. In India it is also sometimes referred to as the common Indian crow, and in Australia as the Australian crow. It belongs to the crows and tigers subfamily Danainae (Danaini tribe).

E. core is a glossy black, medium-sized 85–95 millimetres (3.3–3.7 in) butterfly with rows of white spots on the margins of its wings. Euploea core is a slow, steady flier. Due to its unpalatability it is usually observed gliding through the air with a minimum of effort. As caterpillars, this species sequesters toxins from its foodplant which are passed on from larva to pupa to the adult. While feeding, it is a very bold butterfly, taking a long time at each bunch of flowers. It can also be found mud puddling with others of its species and often in mixed groups. The males of this species visit plants like Crotalaria, Heliotropium to replenish pheromone stocks which are used to attract a mate during courtship.

The common crow is the most common representative of its genus Euploea. Like the tigers (genus Danaus), the crows are inedible and thus mimicked by other Indian butterflies (see Batesian mimicry). In addition, the Indian species of the Euploea genus shows another kind of mimicry, Müllerian mimicry. Accordingly, this species has been studied in greater detail than other members of its genus in India. wiki/Euploea_core

Brown King Crow or Euploea Klugii

Brown King Crow or Euploea Klugii  

Founded In: Ponkunnam, Kottayam Dist, Kerala, India.
Camera Nikon D800e / Lens Nikon 105 mm f 2.8G 

Euploea klugii, the brown king crow, is a butterfly found in India and Southeast Asia that belongs to the crows and tigers, that is, the danaid group of the brush-footed butterflies family. 

Male: Forewing very variable in shape, especially in the outline of the termen and dorsum. In the type it is comparatively long in proportion to width owing to the less convexity of the dorsal margin, and has the termen oblique, slightly convex; in var. novarae it is remarkably broad, the great convexity of the dorsal margin making it almost subquadrate, while the termen is more convex than in the typical form. In the female the difference is less marked.

Typical form. Upperside: fore wing dark brown suffused up to the terinen with a brilliant blue gloss; a spot iu apex of cell, a small costal spot, two short streaks beyond apex of cell, and in the female two discal spots: in the six subterminal and terminal series of spots; in the female the latter series wanting: in both sexes the subterminal spots produced inwards. All the spots bluish white in colour. Hind wing umber-brown, the centre glossed with blue; subterminal rows of spots incomplete or obsolescent, the former reduced to two or three spots below the apex, the latter in the male mere dots; in the female absent, only seen by transparency from the underside.

Underside similar, paler brown, not glossed with blue; centre of fore wing dark, spots more clearly defined, subterminal and terminal series more or less complete- Antennae black; head, thorax and abdomen velvety brown, head and thorax speckled with bluish white.

Race kollari Upperside, very dark olive-brown, paling to lighter brown towards the termen; both wings with complete or nearly complete series of subterrninal and terminal white spots, the former larger than the latter, in the tore wing decreasing in size towards, and curving inwards opposite, the apex; in the hind wing elongate-oval, much larger than the terminal spots, these latter very regular, two in each interspace in the fore wing, obsolete towards the apex. Underside of a paler olive-brown, the spots as on upperside, with the addition m the fore wing of two to four discal spots, that in interspace two the largest, and a small costal spot; in the hind wing of one or two discal specks. Antennae very dark brown; head, thorax and abdomen dark brown, the former two speckled sparsely with white. wiki/Euploea_klugii

Monday, December 21, 2015

Meesapulimala, Anayirangal Dam, Kolukkumalai, Topstation Munnar,

Meesapulimala Sunrise at 5:30am sun reflection viewing black pool 

Founded In: Meesapulimala, Idukki Dist, Kerala, India.
Camera Nikon D800e / Lens Nikon 20 mm f 1.8G 

Meesapulimala is a peak in the high ranges of Idukki district in the Indian state of Kerala at an elevation of 2,640 metres (8,661 ft)

The Anayirangal dam, 22 kms away from Munnar (closer to Chinnakkanal), is surrounded by Tata Tea plantations, coffee, Tea and cardamom plantations in the evergreen forests.

Meesapulimala top end , front view kolukkumalai, Topstation munnar,
© ©

Kolukkumalai is about 7,900 ft above sea level and you can have some excellent views of the far off plains in the bordering State of Tamil Nadu. The distant hills slipping in and out of the mist is a captivating sight.
Top Station is tourist destination in the Kannan Devan hills of Tamil Nadu. It is part of Theni District in the state of Tamil Nadu. Top Station is notable as the historic transshippment location for Kannan Devan tea delivered up here from Munnar and Madupatty by railway and then down by ropeway to Kottagudi.This area is popular for the rare Neelakurinji flowers. The Kurinjimala Sanctuary is nearby. Top Station is the western entrance to the planned Palani Hills National Park. A trekking path is connecting Top Station via Central Station Village with Kurangani in the south.

Sunday, December 20, 2015

Lime Blue or Chilades lajus

Lime Blue or Chilades lajus - Dry-season form

Founded In: Ponkunnam, Kottayam Dist, Kerala, India.
Camera Nikon D800e / Lens Nikon 105mm f 2.8G 

The Lime Blue (Chilades lajus) is a small butterfly found in India, Ceylon, Burma, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Hainan, Mangulam Island, Sulawesi and the Philippines that belongs to the Lycaenids or Blues family. Wet-season form Male has a bluish-purple upperside. Fore wing has base and basal half of costa flushed with pale blue; costa and termen edged by a slender dark brownish-block even line, beyond which along the termen the cilia are brown, at base, white outwardly. Hind wing: costa somewhat broadly dusky black; a slender black conspicuous anticiliary line, beyond which the cilia are white traversed medially by a brown line; dorsum broadly pale brown, two subterminal pale-bordered black spots in interspace 1, and one similar spot in interspace 2, often obsolescent and barely indicated.
Underside: grey. Fore wing: a transverse broad lunule on the discocellulars and a transverse discal series of six spots dark brown, the lunule and each of the discal spots edged with white; the posterior four spots of the discal series elongate and each obliquely placed, the anterior two round and curved inwards; a subterminal series of transverse elongate spots with an inner series of lunules dusky brown, both series edged inwardly and outwardly with white; finally, an anticiliary slender black line. Cilia white, medially traversed by a dark brown line. Hind wing: the following jet-black spots slenderly encircled with white :a transverse subbasal series of four and a subcostal spot somewhat larger than the others in the middle of interspace 7; below the latter a catenulated line of slenderly white-edged dusky-brown spots, including the lunular spot on the discocellulars, crosses the wing, and beyond these opposite the apex of the cell are three similar discal spots, the middle one elongate; the terminal markings consist of an inner continuous subterminal series of dusky lunules, bordered inwardly and outwardly with white, an outer subterminal series of inwardly conical dusky-brown spots, and a slender anticiliary black line. The posterior two spots of the outer line of subterminal markings are also black. Cilia white. Antennae black, the shafts obscurely ringed with white; head, thorax and abdomen brown, the head, thorax and base of the abdomen with a little blue scaling; beneath : the palpi, thorax and abdomen white.
Female upperside: dark brown. Fore and hind wings from their bases outwards to a varying extent shot with bright iridescent blue, this colour not extended on either wing to the costa, termen or dorsum. Hind wing: in addition a curved postdiscal series of whitish lunules very often obsolescent, in some specimens entirely wanting; followed by a subterminal series of black, narrowly white-encircled spots that are often obscure and in some specimens do not reach the apex. Anticiliary black lines and cilia as in the male. Underside: precisely similar to that of the male. Antennae, head, thorax and abdomen as in the male. Dry-season form Closely resemble specimens of the wet-season brood, but can always be distinguished by the somewhat paler ground-colour of the upperside, while on the underside both sexes bear a large nebulous brown patch on the hind wing posteriorly. Sometimes the ground-colour on the underside is much paler, almost white, especially in the female. wiki/Chilades_lajus

Tuesday, December 15, 2015

White-Throated Kingfisher or Smyrna Kingfisher

White-Throated Kingfisher or Smyrna Kingfisher

Founded In: Kumarakam, Kottayam Dist, Kerala, India.
Camera Nikon D800e / Lens Nikon 300mm f 2.8G + 1.4tc

The white-throated kingfisher (Halcyon smyrnensis) also known as the white-breasted kingfisher or Smyrna kingfisher, is a tree kingfisher, widely distributed in Asia from Turkey east through the Indian subcontinent to the Philippines. This kingfisher is a resident over much of its range, although some populations may make short distance movements. It can often be found well away from water where it feeds on a wide range of prey that includes small reptiles, amphibians, crabs, small rodents and even birds. During the breeding season they call loudly in the mornings from prominent perches including the tops of buildings in urban areas or on wires... wiki/White-throated_kingfisher

Saturday, December 12, 2015

Tawny Coster Butterfly or Acraea terpsicore

Tawny Coster Butterfly or Acraea terpsicore

Founded In: Munnar, Idukki Dist, Kerala, India.

This is very Beauty full Butterfly, Name Tawny Coster butterfly or Acraea terpsicore is a small, 53–64 millimetres (2.1–2.5 in), leathery, winged butterfly which is common in grassland and scrub habitats. It belongs to the Nymphalidae or brush-footed butterfly family. It has a weak fluttery flight. It is avoided by most insect predators. This species and the Yellow Coster (Acraea issoria) are the only two Indian representatives of the predominantly African tribe Acraeini.

Thursday, December 10, 2015

White Tiger Moth or Nyctemera Coleta

White Tiger Moth or Nyctemera Coleta

Founded In: Ponkunnam, Kottayam Dist, Kerala, India.

This is call Nyctemera coleta, commonly known as the White tiger moth, is a species of moth found from India to the Philippines, and from Japan to Papua New Guinea. It is classified under the subgenus Coleta of the genus Nyctemerain the family Arctiidae. It contains four subspecies:

Indian Sunbeam Butterfly or Curetis Thetis

Indian Sunbeam Butterfly or Curetis Thetis

Founded In: Parunthumpara, Idukki Dist, Kerala, India.

This is lucky shot for me. he is setting almost 15 minutes with me, this is rare butterfly in western ghats, This name Indian sunbeam, Curetis thetis is a species of lycaenid or blue butterfly found in Asia. The butterfly occurs in Peninsular India, south of the Himalayas, but not in the desert tracts or in areas with a scanty rainfall; parts of Assam; Saurashtra; Bengal, Sylhet onto Myanmar. It is also found in the Nicobar islands.It is also found in Sri Lanka, Java, Philippines, North Sulawesi and Selajar.

Tuesday, December 8, 2015

Quaker Butterfly or Neopithecops Zalmora

Quaker Butterfly or Neopithecops Zalmora

Founded In: Chirakkadavu, Kottayam Dist, Kerala, India.

This is One of the small butterfly founded in kerala, Name Quaker Butterfly or Neopithecops zalmora is a small butterfly found in other places South Asia and Southeast Asia that belongs to the Lycaenids or Blues family.

Monday, December 7, 2015

Chestnut Bob butterfly or Iambrix salsala

Chestnut Bob butterfly or Iambrix salsala

Founded In: Chirakkadavu, Kottayam Dist, Kerala, India.

This Butterfly commonly founded in our place, Name Iambrix salsala, commonly known as the Chestnut Bob, is a butterfly belonging to the family Hesperiidae, found in other places Asia and parts of Southeast Asia. The butterfly occurs in Sri Lanka, India, Nepal, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, North Vietnam, Hainan, Hong Kong, South Yunnan, Langkawi, Malaysia, Singapore, Tioman, Sumatra and Java....

Common Tiger Butterfly

Common Tiger Butterfly OR Striped Tiger Butterfly

Founded In: Parunthumpara, Peermade, Idukki Dist, Kerala, India.

The common tiger (Danaus genutia) is one of the common butterflies of India. It belongs to the "crows and tigers", that is, the Danainae group of the brush-footed butterflies family. The butterfly is also called striped tiger inIndia to differentiate it from the equally common plain tiger, Danaus chrysippus. The butterfly closely resembles the monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus) of the Americas. The wingspan is 75 to 95 mm. Both sexes of the butterfly have tawny wings with veins marked with broad black bands. The female[verification needed] has a pouch on the hindwing. The margins of the wings are black with two rows of white spots. The underside of the wings resembles the upperside but is paler in colouration. The male common tiger has a prominent black-and-white spot on the underside of the hindwing. In drier regions the tawny part of the hindwing pales and approaches white in colour making it very similar to the white tiger (D. melanippus). 
know more - wiki/Danaus_genutia

Thursday, December 3, 2015

Grass Demon Butterfly or Udaspes Folus

Grass Demon Butterfly or  Udaspes Folus

Founded In: Chirakkadavu, Kanjirappally, Kottayam Dist, Kerala, India.

This is Commonly founded in our place Name Grass Demon Udaspes folus is a small but prominent butterfly found in India that belongs to the Skippers, or Hesperiidae family. It is regarded as an occasional pest of ginger and turmeric. The Grass Demon (Udaspes folus) is a small butterfly with a wingspan of about 4 to 4.8 cm. It is black with a large white spot on the upperside of the hind wing and several smaller whites spots on the forewing. The underside of its wings is mostly white with brown edges and spots.

Tuesday, December 1, 2015

Discolampa ethion Butterfly or Banded Blue Pierrot Butterfly

Discolampa ethion or Banded Blue Pierrot

Founded In: Chirakkadavu, Kanjirappally, Kottayam Dist, Kerala, India.

This is seasonal butterfly in our place, Name Banded Blue Pierrot or Discolampa ethion is a contrastingly marked butterfly.  commonly found in South Asia that belongs to the Blues or Lycaenidae family.

Saturday, November 28, 2015

Common Emigrant Butterfly or Lemon Emigrant Butterfly (Catopsilia pomona)

 Common Emigrant Butterfly or Lemon Emigrant Butterfly - Mud Puddling
 Founded In: Athirappilly, Thrissur, Kerala, India.

The Common Emigrant or Lemon Emigrant Founded in  Vazhachal, Thrissur district, Kerala, India. (Catopsilia pomona) is a medium-sized pierid butterfly found in Asia and parts of Australia. The species gets its name from its habit of migration. Some early authors considered them as two distinct species Catopsilia crocale and Catopsilia pomona. The species has pale and dark morphs in Australia. The form crocale has the antennae black and the form pomona has the antennae pinkish or red. The development of these forms has been linked to photoperiod and temperature during growth... read - wiki/Catopsilia_pomona

Mud Puddling

Thursday, November 26, 2015

Common Cerulean Butterfly or Jamides celeno

Common Cerulean Butterfly or Jamides celeno 

All season small butterfly in kerala, this is founded in Ponkunnam, Kerala, India, 
Name Common Cerulean (Jamides celeno) is a small butterfly found in Southeast Asia belonging to the Lycaenids or Blues family. Like many tropical butterflies, this species shows seasonal polyphenism, with the appearance differing between adults according to the season.

Dry-season brood 

Male upperside has the ground colour pale bluish white. The forewing has the terminal margin narrowly edged with black that broadens very slightly towards the apex of the wing; the cilia are brownish black.

The hindwing is uniformly coloured, except for an anticiliary black line faintly edged on the inner side by a white line within which and touching it is a row of black spots, the anterior spots very faint, the spot in interspace 2 large and well-defined, two geminate spots in interspace 1 and a very small black lunular dot in interspace 1a; cilia brown, white at the base in the interspaces. In specimens obtained in the height of the dry season the black edging to the termen of the fore wing is much reduced and the subterminal series of black spots in the hind wing is altogether missing.

The underside is greyish brown. The forewing has seven transverse white bands as follows:—two short bands one each side of the discocellulars, the inner one continued downwards to vein 1 and both represented at the costa by two detached spots; two parallel discal bands, the inner one broken at and the outer one terminating on vein 3; two parallel subterminal bands, the outer one slightly lunular; lastly, a more slender terminal band followed by an anticiliary slender black line; the dorsal margin narrowly white; cilia brownish black, their bases white in the interspaces. Hind wing: crossed by nine white bands or lines as follows :—three between base of wing and apex of cell, those posteriorly in interspace 1 or on vein 1 abruptly turn upwards and terminate on the dorsum ; the first band beyond the cell extends from vein 6 to vein 2, then curves upwards in interspace 1; the next extends straight from just below the costa to vein 4, thus overlapping the previous band for a short distance ; the next or postdiscal band runs between the costa and vein 3, the subterminal two also between the costa and vein 3 but the inner one of the two bands is extended down to interspace 1 and there curves upwards towards the dorsum ; both the subterminal bands are more or less lunular; in the interspace below vein 2 is a large subterminal black spot speckled with metallic blue scales and bordered inwardly by ochraceous orange; there are also in interspaces la and 1 two black dots inwardly edged by a short white streak set in an ochraceous background ; lastly, there is a complete terminal white line followed by a black anticiliary line and a filamentous short black white-tipped tail at apex of vein 2 ; cilia as on the upperside. Antennae brownish black, the shafts as usual tinged with white; head, thorax and abdomen pale brown, bluish on thorax and base of abdomen; beneath : the palpi, thorax and abdomen white, the third joint of the palpi and the second joint anteriorly black.

The female has the upperside ground-colour paler than in the male, often quite white; terminal black edging to fore wing very much broader, broadest at apex, its margin there diffuse. Hind wing: differs from that of the male as follows:—costal margin broadly dusky black; a postdiscal transverse series of dusky-black connected lunules often more or less obsolescent; this is followed by a series of black spots each set in a background of the white ground-colour; an anticiliary slender black line as in the male. The underside ground-colour is paler than in the male, the markings however are identical. Antenna, head, thorax and abdomen as in the male.

Wet-season brood 

Closely resembles the males and females of the dry-season brood; the markings are similar but the ground-colour is generally darker both on the upper and undersides, while the black edging to the fore wing and the black postdiscal and terminal markings to the hind wing on the upperside are broader and more clearly defined. Antennae, head, thorax and abdomen as in the dry-season brood. text copyright: wikipedia

Wednesday, November 25, 2015

common lime butterfly, lemon butterfly

common lime butterflylemon butterfly

This is seasonal butterfly founded in our place, Chirakkadavu, Ponkunnam, Kerala, India.

Papilio demoleus is a common and widespread swallowtail butterfly. The butterfly is also known as the common lime butterfly, lemon butterfly, lime swallowtail, small citrus butterfly, chequered swallowtail, dingy swallowtail and citrus swallowtail. These common names refer to their host plants, which are usually citrus species such as the cultivated lime. Unlike most swallowtail butterflies, it does not have a prominent tail. The butterfly is a pest and invasive species from the Old World which has spread to the Caribbean and Central America. The butterfly is tailless and has a wingspan 80–100 mm - more read -

Great Eggfly Butterfly or Hypolimnas bolina

Great Eggfly - Male / founded in kanjirappally, Chanappady, Kerala, India 

This is common Butterfly in Kerala, Name Great Eggfly (Hypolimnas bolina) or Common Eggfly, also called the Blue Moon Butterfly in New Zealand, is a species of nymphalid butterfly. black-bodied butterfly with a wingspan of about 70–85 millimetres (2.8–3.3 in). The species has a high degree of sexual dimorphism. The female is mimetic with multiplemorphs.

The upper side of the wings is jet black, offset with three pairs of white spots, two on the forewing and one on the hind. These spots are surrounded by purple iridescence. In addition, the upper side of the hindwing bears a series of small white dots.
The upper side of the wings of the female is a brownish black and does not have any spots like those of the male. The edges bear white markings which are similar to those of theCommon Indian Crow.

This is commonly founded places:-
Madagascar in the west, through to South and Southeast Asia, South Pacific islands (French olynesia, Tonga, Tuvalu, Samoa, Vanuatu), and occurs in parts of Australia, Japan, and New Zealand. 
(text copy right in wikipedia )

Bush Hopper Butterfly

Ampittia dioscorides Fabricius, 1793 – Bush Hopper

This  is  Common Butterfly in Kerala,  Bush Hopper or simply Bush Hopper (Ampittia dioscorides), found in Chirakkadavu, Kerala, India, commonly founded in other Counters also China, Indochina and on to Borneo, Sumatra and Java belonging to the family Hesperiidae.